The effect of linguistic comprehension instruction on generalized language and reading comprehension skills: A systematic review13 jan 2020
Forfattere: Kristin Rogde; Åste M. Hagen; Monica Melby-Lervåg; Arne Lervåg.
Tidsskrift: Campbell Systematic Reviews.
The linguistic comprehension programs included in this review display a small positive immediate effect on generalized outcomes of linguistic comprehension. The effect of the programs on generalized measures of reading comprehension is negligible. Few studies report follow‐up assessment of their participants.
Children who begin school with proficient language skills are more likely to develop adequate reading comprehension abilities and achieve academic success than children who struggle with poor language skills in their early years. Individual language difficulties, environmental factors related to socioeconomic status (SES), and having the educational language as a second language are all considered risk factors for language and literacy failure.
Intervention programs have been designed with the aim of supporting at‐risk children’s language skills. In these programs, the instructional methods typically include a strong focus on vocabulary instruction within the context of storytelling or text reading. Elements that directly activate narrative and grammatical development are often included.