Motivation for medical school: the relationship to gender and specialty preferences in a nationwide sampleNov 30 1999
Students picked out which they preferred among 53 specialties. The highest motivational scores were on the ‘person orientated’ index, female students scoring higher than men. Female students were, however, nearly as highly motivated by status/security and interests in natural science as were men. ‘Person orientated’ and ‘natural science orientated’ motives exerted the strongest influence on specialty preferences. Those who preferred family medicine were more person orientated and less natural science orientated, while those who preferred internal medicine were more natural science orientated. Father being a physician did not influence the motivational pattern, but increased the preference for laboratory and internal medicine. Frequently repeated upper secondary school exams for acceptance into medical school were negatively related to natural science motivation, and to increased preference for becoming a surgeon.