Corporate Governance: Theoretical Background and Implications for the Analysis of Corporate Governance in NorwayNov 23 2012
NIFU-report 1998:3. Corporate governance is concerned with the institutions that influence the ways in which business corporations allocate resources and returns. Our approach to the analysis of corporate governance and its policy implications focuses on its relation to the innovation process and the innovative economy. We identify four different types of corporate governance institutions – executive, supervisory, consultative, and regulatory — based on different relations with the locus of decision-making power over the allocation of corporate resources and returns. The prime foci for corporate governance policy are two: First, the reform of corporate governance institutions so that they provide better support to the innovation process. Second, the reform of corporate governance processes so that, within the framework of the governance institutions, they encourage corporate strategies that entail allocations of resources and returns to broader and deeper skill bases that can engage in organisational learning.