Vocational Education and the Allocation of Apprenticeships: Equal Chances for Applicants Regardless of Immigrant Background2 nov 2011
The article examines how the probability of obtaining an apprenticeship as a part of upper secondary education varies between ethnic Norwegians and minority groups. The analyses show considerable differences between the ethnic majority and the minority groups of non-western origin. Although grades and school attendance record have a marked effect on the probability of obtaining an apprenticeship, there are ethnic differences that are not due to such human capital factors. Furthermore, good grades are more important for the minority than for majority applicants. Overall the results suggest that the ethnic minority applicants of non-western origin have to outperform their majority peers in order to have the same chance of obtaining an apprenticeship.